What’s dehydrated pores and skin?

Dry and Oily Dehydrated Pores and skin Defined

Expensive Dr. Bailey, What’s the distinction between dry and dehydrated? Lots of skincare strains carry totally different merchandise for dry pores and skin and so-called dehydrated pores and skin. Can the pores and skin be oily and dehydrated? Can pores and skin be dry and never dehydrated? Or is dehydrated pores and skin solely a advertising buzzword? Thanks so much for giving nice solutions to nice questions in your weblog! I actually like studying your solutions and skincare recommendation. 🙂  and thanks so much for this reply too.  Judith

Hey Judith, sure, within the context you describe, this can be a advertising time period. It is an vital query although as a result of it is vital to grasp pores and skin hydration and the function of moisturizers, oil and humectants in stopping pores and skin dehydration.  

Pores and skin moisture (hydration) is definitely about water content material and never oil.

Water in pores and skin contributes to its plumpness and suppleness. Hydrated pores and skin is dewy and comfortable. The water content material of your pores and skin will ebb and stream rapidly as a result of your pores and skin readily absorbs water out of your bathtub, bathe and humid air. Your pores and skin will even lose water to dehydrated air, which is something below 85% relative humidity!

What’s hydrated your pores and skin?

What is dehydrated skin

Hydrated pores and skin has water held subsequent to pores and skin keratin. To grasp this, know that the stratum corneum of your pores and skin (the dermis) is what we contemplate the pores and skin’s ‘water proofing’ layer. It’s the high most layer of pores and skin and it performs a key function in defending your pores and skin from water loss (known as transepidermal water loss, or TEWL).

The stratum corneum has a ‘brick and mortar’ construction composed of:

  1. useless pores and skin cells (known as corneocytes) which are like ‘bricks’ stuffed with keratin protein, and
  2. lipid mortar that surrounds all of the ‘bricks’ (comprising about 20% of the stratum corneum) to assist forestall water loss.

It’s the keratin protein within the useless cells that absorbs water. When absolutely hydrated, these useless cells swell and soften by as a lot as 50% past their dry type. Absolutely hydrated keratin is plump and supple in comparison with keratin that isn’t absolutely hydrated.

You hydrate pores and skin keratin to create plump, comfortable, supple, dewy pores and skin utilizing your skincare merchandise and routine. – Dr. Cynthia Bailey 

What’s dehydrated pores and skin?

Dehydrated pores and skin accommodates insufficient water for pores and skin to be supple, comfortable and wholesome. Within the excessive, dehydrated pores and skin will grow to be crepey, brittle, tough and finally grow to be symptomatic, in danger for asteatotic/xerotic eczema and irritant dermatitis. 

How do you entice water into the pores and skin to stop dehydration?

dehydrated face skin cream

The pores and skin lipids between useless cells of the stratum corneum are the primary line of protection for TEWL (pores and skin water loss). These lipids are composed of ceramides, cholesterols and different free fatty acids. You want sufficient of those pores and skin lipids to stop water loss. There are additionally different methods to entice water within the pores and skin and also you need to use as many as potential to stop dehydrated pores and skin. 

Occlusive elements forestall pores and skin dehydration

Occlusion in dermatology, is the appliance of one thing on the pores and skin that forestalls water loss. Oils (resembling mineral oil) and petrolatum (Vaseline) have been used for a few years. You may also use botanical oils for a similar goal. Dermatologists additionally use wraps and dressings to stop TEWL. The Korean Pores and skin Care slugging development is basically occlusive skincare utilizing Vaseline. Facial hydrocolloid masks can do the identical factor for a fast rehydration. 

Moisturizers historically forestall dehydrated pores and skin by using an oil or oil-like ingredient resembling petrolatum to occlude (entice) water and forestall evaporation each day. They’re simplest when utilized proper after washing/wetting the pores and skin the place they will seal within the water that your pores and skin simply absorbed when it was moist. – Dr. Bailey

Humectant elements assist bind water contained in the pores and skin

Components that chemically bind water are known as humectants. In skincare, these embody the well-loved elements hyaluronic acid and glycerin. Sodium PCA is one other efficient humectant. It’s a part of your pores and skin’s pure moisturizing issue. Low focus urea is one other humectant you could find in skincare merchandise. (Do not confuse this with excessive focus urea which capabilities as an exfoliant.)

Dehydrated Pores and skin Merchandise

prevent dehydrated skin with this face oil

Pores and skin with satisfactory trapped water is taken into account hydrated and also you do this with the appropriate merchandise to your distinctive complexion.

The most effective oils for dehydrated pores and skin

Oils for dehydrated pores and skin do not need to be greasy

My Pure Lotion and Butter are additionally enriched with natural aloe vera and vegetable derived glycerin. My Omega Enriched Booster Oil is a mix of quick absorbing oils that by no means really feel greasy.

Dehydrated oily pores and skin

Oily pores and skin will maintain extra moisture as a result of it produces its personal moisturizing oil.

Pores and skin sebum could be very environment friendly and great as a pure pores and skin moisturizer till the oily shine turns into annoying. Harsh soaps will take away the oil and it takes time to breed it so any absorbed water from washing might have evaporated by the point the oil begins to re-coat the pores and skin. Making use of oil-free humectants may also help maintain water to pores and skin till pores and skin sebum can coat the pores and skin. It is also potential to make use of a light-textured moisturizer utilized in a skinny layer on high of humectants to carry water and forestall dehydrated oily pores and skin.

best moisturizer for dehydrated oily skin

Among the finest oil-free moisturizing elements to hydrate pores and skin are:

  • hyaluronic acid (sodium hyaluronate)
  • Sodium PCA
  • glycerin

My pharmaceutical-grade hyaluronic acid containing merchandise together with Inexperienced Tea Antioxidant Pores and skin Remedy and/or Immediately Luminous Multi Motion Serum. Immediately Luminous serum is constructed with a complicated formulation of fractionated hyaluronic acid to stratify water all through the layers of the dermis for maximal hydration. It really works so effectively with the Inexperienced Tea Remedy that I created my fashionable Layered Up Besties Equipment with them each!

I’ve used this mixture of nice merchandise for a very long time now and I really like them. My pores and skin is brighter and by no means feels dry. Lynn

Oil-free humectant wealthy merchandise maintain water within the pores and skin with out oil and signify that good bridge between science and nature that I really like a lot!

Dehydrated face skincare merchandise 

prevent dehydrated oily skin with this

Merchandise with humectants, ceramides and squalane are high decisions for hydrating all pores and skin sorts together with oily pores and skin. Profit from all of them whenever you high the humectants in Layered Up Besties with non-greasy lipid replenishing ceramides and squalane in Day by day Face Cream. Dry complexions profit from including a number of drops of my Omega Enriched Face Booster Oil to the Day by day Face Cream. I do that throughout dry climate and my pores and skin loves it!

Dehydrated oily pores and skin also can occur if you happen to endure from sure widespread pores and skin issues that result in pores and skin barrier weak point that will increase pores and skin water loss. 

Dehydrated oily pores and skin because of pores and skin issues that weaken pores and skin barrier embody:

  • Repeated contact with harsh soaps (for delicate pores and skin this could embody merchandise with the sodium laurel sulfate household of elements) or harsh chemical compounds (like rubbing alcohol or family cleaners).
  • seborrheic dermatitis dehydrated skin fix

    Rashes resembling facial dandruff (seborrhea) and rosacea that trigger compromised pores and skin barrier and water loss.

  • Having a genetic tendency for eczema, bronchial asthma and allergy symptoms meaning you might also have an inherently weak pores and skin barrier and are one of many traditional ‘delicate pores and skin’ individuals.
  • Publicity to harsh environments resembling windy, chilly climates, or just going between chilly outside temperatures and heated indoor environments which might irritate the pores and skin and trigger water loss.

So, sure,

it is potential to have oily pores and skin that can be dehydrated!

Dehydrated leg, arm and physique pores and skin

Leg and physique pores and skin have fewer oil glands and are sometimes characterised as dry, particularly after the age of 55 when pores and skin restore mechanisms actually begin to drop off. Arms and leg pores and skin is particularly liable to TEWL and thus dehydration. Dryness and dehydration right here go collectively and result in crepey, flakey, tough and chalky wanting pores and skin that simply appears to be like and feels outdated! I’ve spent my profession serving to individuals forestall this.  

forestall dehydrated leg, arm and physique pores and skin

I’ve informed sufferers for years that making use of moisturizer to at the least the legs and arms after each bathtub or bathe is basically vital for maintaining arm and leg pores and skin wholesome as we age. The most effective method is to alternate physique lotion or cream with a medical-grade glycolic acid skincare routine.

  • The lotion or cream will replenish the pores and skin lipids to assist forestall TEWL.
  • The glycolic acid will stimulate the pores and skin to provide its personal hyaluronic acid.
skin care products for dehydrated arm, leg body skin

In my 35 years of dermatology expertise, I’ve discovered that that is the one actual approach to visibly improve the hyaluronic acid content material of arm and leg pores and skin. The glycolic acid will even assist take away pores and skin flakes and soften pores and skin roughness. The top outcomes are comfortable, dewy and youthful arm and leg pores and skin that resist age spots and the crustiness related to growing older.

Yep, none of us has to resign our self to crusty outdated pores and skin. We are able to alternate moisturizer with a medical-grade AHA routine on our arm, leg and physique pores and skin and keep dewy youthful pores and skin indefinitely. My sufferers and I’ve confirmed it! – Dr. Bailey, 64-year-old dermatologist. 

Alternate both my Pure Lotion or my Pure Butter Cream with the routine in my Extremely-Quick Physique Smoothing Equipment. Belief me, this fends of dehydrated and flakey pores and skin in your legs and arms!

best way to prevent dehydrated flakey arm and leg skin

The glycolic acid physique lotion is my favourite a part of the ULTRA-FAST BODY SMOOTHING TRIPLE ACTION SKIN CARE KIT. It actually does miracles to easy, hydrate and (cue the heavenly music) tighten crepey pores and skin. I noticed 100%+ enchancment in my pores and skin in only a matter of weeks. THAT’s the miracle I used to be in search of. Lori

The underside line for stopping dehydrated pores and skin: 

It takes work to carry water in your pores and skin when the relative humidity is lower than 85%. Replenish pores and skin lipids with the moisturizers and oils. Bind water contained in the layers of your pores and skin with humectants. Choose merchandise with the appropriate elements to your pores and skin oil manufacturing and for face versus arm, leg or physique considerations. Realizing this may provide help to to maintain your pores and skin supple, dewy, comfortable and effectively hydrated regardless of how dry the climate is, how outdated you might be, or how oily your pores and skin is. 

Heat Regards,

Cynthia Bailey MD, Dermatologist


  1. Enamul Haque Mojumdar, Quoc Dat Pham, Daniel Topgaard & Emma Sparr , Pores and skin hydration: interaction between molecular dynamics, construction and water uptake within the stratum corneum, Nature, Scientific Studies; quantity 7, Article quantity: 15712 (2017) Revealed 16 November 2017
  2. Barry M. Popkin, Kristen E. D’Anci, and Irwin H. Rosenberg, Water, Hydration and Well being Nutr Rev. 2010 Aug; 68(8): 439–458.
  3. Potts Russel O, et. al., Modifications with Age within the Moisture Content material of Human Pores and skin, Journal of Investigative dermatology, 82;97-100, 1984
  4. James William D, Berger Timothy G, et. al., Andrews Illnesses of the Pores and skin, twelfth Version, Elsevier, Inc, 2016, web page 76-77


Disclaimer: Please notice that availing your self of the chance to submit and obtain solutions to your questions from Dr. Bailey doesn’t confer a physician/affected person relationship with Dr. Bailey. The knowledge offered by Dr. Bailey is common well being data impressed by your query. It shouldn’t be an alternative choice to acquiring medical recommendation out of your doctor and isn’t supposed to diagnose or deal with any particular medical downside (and isn’t an extension of the care Dr. Bailey has offered in her workplace for present sufferers of her follow). By no means ignore your personal physician’s recommendation due to one thing you learn right here; this data is for common informational goal solely.

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